Herbalism is the study and use of medicinal properties of plants and plant extracts. Herbalism is also known as botanical medicine, medical herbalism, herbal medicine, herbology, herblore, and phytotherapy. The scope of herbal medicine is sometimes extended to include fungai and bee products, as well as minerals, shells and certain animal parts. Pharmacognosy is the study of medicines derived from natural sources.
When it comes to the usage in modern human society, herbal medicine is widely employed in the developing countries, and it can be divided into different subparts such as the African medicine, Chinese herbal medicine, Siddha medicine, Native American medicine, and Shamanic herbalism. This comes as no surprise as more than two thirds of all plants that have a medical value come from the developing world.
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